List Of Perennial Flowers

List of Perennial Flowers

I have a long that I love! I most definitely prefer perennial plants to annuals, even though the flower display isn’t QUITE as impressive.
Perennials are planted once, and come back year after year, whereas
annual flowers must be planted…you guessed it…annually!

Perennials tend to double in size with each passing year, and may need
to be divided periodically to prevent over-crowding and to revitalize tired
plants. This is a good thing, as far as I’m concerned, since that means that
you have a never ending supply of plants to relocate throughout your yard!

The perennial flowers available to you is extensive, and I won’t be able to cover them all here. I will hit the highlights for popular perennials in the mid-west, and will provide you with information to help you decide which plants are right for you.

When deciding on your perennials, the key is to create a design for the
area that you wish to focus on, taking into consideration the height, shape,
color, and texture of the plants that you’d like to include. Be sure to educate
yourself about bloom time and color. It will be important to have flowers
blooming on different plants throughout the season, so that when one plant is
dying back, another one is coming into full bloom. Carefully select colors that
will compliment each other when they are in full bloom.


List of Perennial Flowers:
Climbing Vines

Climbing vines such as clematis, fill up empty spaces quite nicely,
particularly when placed in full sun. A friend of mine has a clematis vine just
like this one, along the east side of her home, and it is in full glory by mid-summer.
This vine grows well with little maintenance once it’s established, and can
tolerate a wide range of soil conditions. Clematis is definitely one of the
easier flowers to grow in the yard, and is a good choice for beginners and pros
alike.


List of Perennial Flowers:
Ornamental Grasses

Zebra grass paired with a daylily used as a specimen plant.

How I love these! I have Zebra Ornamental Grasses planted in my garden
design, and have also worked with fountain grass, blue fescue, and others.
Grasses are typically very low maintenance and make a nice balance amount other
perennials, annuals and bushes in a garden design. Be sure to keep the grasses
up throughout the winter, and wait to cut them back until spring. Perennial
ornamental grasses are known for providing beautiful winter interest in the
garden…plums are often full and foliage has turned color during the fall. Plant
grasses in clusters to maximize their impact.


List of Perennial Flowers:
Daylilies

Daylilies are a favorite in many gardens throughout the Midwest. I have
a row of stella d’oro daylilies planted along the garage, but mass plantings of
daylilies can sometimes be an “over utilized” design. Try some of the more
unique daylilies with varying heights and colors, and plant them as specimen
plants in the garden among your other perennials. These perennials should be
dead headed on a regular basis to encourage repeat blooms. Pull the entire
flower stalk out once it has bloomed, and get rid of any brown foliage. While
dead-heading isn’t a necessary step, it will help keep these plants looking
their best.


List of Perennial Flowers:
Lamb’s Ears

If you’ve not had experience with lamb’s ears, you’ll quickly figure
out how they got their name…soft, fuzzy foliage! These have got to be one of
the most hardy perennial I’ve ever seen!
This plant grows relatively low to the ground – about 6 inches tall –
but has tall flower stalks that shoot up throughout the summer. The stalks can
be over 2 feet tall.

Lamb's Ears - the one I drove over with my car!

This perennial gets mixed reviews from me and from others.
The foliage is somewhat interesting, but the flower shoots make the plant look
a bit sloppy in my opinion. It can also spread fairly easily throughout an
area, which may or may not be a good thing. I’ve used lamb’s ears for areas in
the yard where literally no other plant will grow well. The first time I planted them, it was in very dry, gravely soil next to my driveway. And….I’m ashamed to admit….I drove over them
numerous times. Oops! But they survived regardless, and kept coming back year
after year. I simply cut down the flower stalks when them would appear, and it
functioned as a nice ground cover. The foliage is interesting, and filled up a
space where most other plants would have quickly perished.


List of Perennial Flowers:
Black-Eyed Susan

There are several different cultivars of black-eyed susan, and
Goldstrum is one that should be avoided! Unfortunately, Goldstrum is HIGHLY
susceptible to a fungal disease called Botrytis. Botrytis affects the foliage
and the flowers of the plant, and can spread relatively quickly across an
entire planting. It cannot be cured, and the entire planting will need to be
removed. In addition, Botrytis can be spread to other flowers via pollinators.
A safer bet is to purchase a different variety of black-eyed susan other than
Goldstrum. Black-eyed susan is a dependable perennial with long-lasting blooms.
Plants can tolerate a variety of soil conditions and is relatively low
maintenance. Plants grow to be about 2-3 feet tall and produce yellow daisies
with brown centers. Due to their spreading habits, they do a fairly good job of
keeping weeds at bay. Plants will need to be divided every couple of years to
maintain their healthy appearance.


List of Perennial Flowers:
Balloon Flowers

These perennials are just so pretty to me! As they establish themselves, they can look
so graceful in groupings. I ordered blue
and white Balloon Flowers and I just love the way they look in my garden! You may want to consider providing a support
for them as they grow to over 3 feet tall.
While their stems are sturdy, they tend to lop over a bit due to their
weight.


List of Perennial Flowers:
Delphiniums

Delphiniums are another beautiful, graceful perennial that exhibit some
of the most wonderful shades of blue and pink.
Unfortunately, I have not been terribly successful with these
plants. They tend to be a little more
delicate than the others I work with.
They like the right amount of sun, nutrient rich, well-drained soil, and
the right amount of water. If you go
with delphinium, be sure to choose the right location and you will not be
disappointed! Depending on the variety
you select, they range in height from about 18” to over 3 feet.


List of Perennial Flowers:
Hydrangeas

How do you like my Nikko Blue Hydrangea?? No, your eyes don’t deceive
you, and the picture isn’t bad…the flowers are in fact…pink. The flowers of
this plant are affected by the acidity/alkalinity of the soil.

True enough, hydrangeas are technically a bush, but for now they're on this page.

Many people choose to increase or decrease the acidity of the soil in order to produce the flower color of their choice, but I find that to be a little too high maintenance for me, so I enjoy the color that the plants produce naturally in
my yard.

If you’re interested in learning more about this phenomenon, or have a desire to change the color of your hydrangea, check out the information at Growing Blue Hydrangeas.


List of Perennial Flowers:
Peony Bushes

Peony bushes come in all different colors, and grow to be about 3 feet
tall, and 2 to 3 feet wide. These plants
need full sun to perform at their best, however I have been able to grow them
in partial shade. The peony makes my because of how
amazingly reliable and hardy these bushes are once they’re established.

The peony bush! Not a bush at all, and rightfully categorized as a perennial flower.

On an
interesting side note, however…they do NOT transplant well. (Trust me, I’ve
tried!) I had one bush growing next to my house with no sunlight and very
little water. That trouper survived for years until I decided that it was time
to transplant it to a healthy, sunny spot in my garden. That was the beginning
of the end for that sad plant. 🙁

Flowers bloom in early spring and plants grow into temporary bushes,
dying back at the end of the season every year. Flowers are good for cut
arrangements, however be sure to cut no more than 1/3 of the flowers off every
year, or flower production will suffer in subsequent years.


Herbs

Consider establishing a basic herb garden in your own yard. Many herbs
are perennials, such as this oregano plant I’ve had for years. They make
interesting foliage and contribute to the garden design…in addition to being
just plain old delicious!

Oregano flowers paired with mint leaves. Mint survives well under almost ANY soil condition.

You can’t beat fresh herbs for cooking, and you’ll be delighted to find
out how many perennial herbs return, and quickly spread, each year! Try oregano, chive, Echinacea, lavender, sage
and mint. Mint is one of my favorites for teas and drinks, but it takes over a
garden area if you let it! For that reason, be careful where you establish your
herb garden, as it may spread more than you want it to.


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